Design by Nur
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responsive site design

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Accessibility
Design by Nur website templates has been coded with several important accessibility features, including skip to links, adjustable text, and a pure CSS layout.

Address Bar

The address bar is the white bar towards the top of your computer screen. It will normally have something typed in it that starts with "http://" This is where you type in the address of a website that you want to visit.
AirPrint:
Let’s you print from any iOS device from an AirPrint compatible printer.
App:
Short for “application.” The programs you download and run on a smartphone. Can be free, or for sale.

B

Banner Ad
A (most often graphic) advertisement placed on a web page, which acts as a hyperlink to an advertiser's web site. This form of online advertising entails embedding an advertisement into a web page. It is intended to attract traffic to a website by linking them to the web site of the advertiser. The advertisement is constructed from an image (GIF, JPEG), JavaScript program or multimedia object employing technologies such as Java, Shockwave or Flash, often employing animation or sound to maximize presence.
BCC
BCC means "Blind Carbon Copy". An email feature. If you send someone a BCC email, their email address will not show in the "to" field.
Blog
Blog is short for Web log, blogs are part journal, mostly pho based datadriven Web sites such as WordPress sites.
Breadcrumbs
A navigational 'notation' located at the top of a Web page that shows a visitor where he (or she) is located based on the Website's structure or information hierarchy. Example: A visitor viewing executive profiles might see the following breadcrumb at the top of the page: "Design by Nur— Services— Contact".
Browser
Often called a Web browser, it is simply a software application used to interpret HTML commands and display page content. The two most popular browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) and Safari.

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C

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
A W3C recommended language for defining style (such as font, size, color, spacing, etc.) for web documents. CSS are are used to style and control the formatting of HTML documents such as web pages.
Click
In web terms: A mouse click on a hyperlink element (such as text or picture) on a web page which creates an event such as taking a visitor to another web page or another part of the same page.
CMS
CMS "Content Management System". A dynamic website that is normally database driven and which enables the owner/user to manage the content of their own website (make changes) without needing to know any coding at all.
Content Tags
HTML tags which define the essence of the content contained within them and readable by search spiders. These include Header and Alt Tags.
Cookie
Information from a web server, stored on your computer by your web browser. The purpose of a cookie is to provide information about your visit to the website for use by the server during a later visit.

D

Database Driven Site
Database Driven site: With a normal static website, the information that you see is on the page itself. It does not change unless someone manually edits the page. On a database driven website, the information is not stored on the page, but in a database. Every time someone visits a particular page, the information is drawn from the database in order to display it on the page. Information can therefore be easily cross-referenced and the same information applied in many different ways, using formulas and different variables.
Dynamic Pages
Dynamic web pages that have content which is determined at the time they are viewed by a program on the server computer. Used to provide particularized or interactive content. Often the content is taken from a database.
Domain name
The Internet name for a network or computer system. The name consists of a sequence of characters separated by periods such as www.designbynur.com
Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots.
Database
A database is an electronic means of storing information and data and is often referred to as a "Db". All Shopping Cart Systems, and or catalogs will always have a database in the back end. The Two common databases used for database driven web sites are MySQL, which is open source, and Microsoft Access.
DNS
The Domain Name System (DNS) provides visitors access to websites using domain names rather than IP addresses. Using DNS, we can enter easily-remembered text-based domain names and reach machine-readable Internet addresses.

E

Extension
Extention is the part of a web page file name following the last dot (.) that tells the server what type of page it is. Common examples are: html, php, shtml, pl, jsp, and asp.

F

Flash (Animation)
Macromedia Flash or Flash is a graphics animation program, written and marketed by Macromedia, that uses vector graphics. The resulting files, called SWF (said like swiff) files, may appear in a web page to view in a web browser, or standalone Flash players may "play" them.
Freeware
Freeware is a software that is made available at no cost whatsoever. Often includes advertising for the provider and is sometimes used to entice a user to purchase the unbranded version with no advertising.
FTP
FTP is an acronym for File Transfer Protocol. FTP is used to transfer files between computers on a network. You can use FTP to exchange files between computer accounts, transfer files between an account and a desktop computer, or access online software archives. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is the simplest and most secure way to exchange files over the Internet. An FTP address looks a lot like an HTTP, or Website, address except it uses the prefix ftp:// instead of http://.
The most common use for FTP is to download files from the Internet. In addition, the ability to transfer files back-and-forth makes FTP essential for anyone creating a Web page. The virtual 'key' to get into an FTP site is the UserID and Password.
What is an FTP Site?
An FTP site is like a large filing cabinet. With a traditional filing cabinet, the person who does the filing has the option to label and organize the files how ever they see fit. They also decide which files to keep locked and which remain public. It is the same with an FTP site.
FTP Client
A FTP Client provides you with an easy way to upload your website straight from your hosting account.

G

Gif (Animation)
A moving GIF image on a Web page, created by combining several images into a single GIF file. An animated GIF can loop endlessly or it can display a few images and then stop the animation.
Google Webmaster Tools
Google Webmaster Tools shows you how your site is performing and to diagnose any problem areas Google may have accessing your site. It is a simple and free way to help you stay Google-friendly and increase your web presence. During the hosting account setup there will be an area for you to enable to Google Webmaster Tools.

H

Hosting
Usually refers to a computer (or a network of servers) that stores the files of a web site which has web server software running on it, connected to the Internet. Your site is then said to be Hosted.
HTML
An acronym for HyperText Markup Language, HTML is the language used to tag various parts of a Web document so browsing software will know how to display that document's links, text, graphics and attached media.
HTML Document
A document written in HyperText Markup Language.
HTML Tags
Code to identify the different parts of a document so that a web browser will know how to display it.
HTTP
The abbreviation for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP is used to link and transfer hypertext documents.
Home Page
It is a first page (also referred as an opening page, start page or main page) of a Web site. This would technically be your index page or default page of your directory.
Hyperlink
Hyperlinks are often blue and underlined, hyperlinks, commonly called "links" for short, allow you to navigate to other pages on the Web with a simple click of your mouse.

I

Icon
A computer graphic, usually a small picture, displayed on screen to represent a computer program or operation. For example, the trash can icon is used in Windows systems to represent the "delete item" operation.
IP Number or IP ADDRESS Internet Protocol
Sometimes called a dotted quad. A unique number consisting of 4 parts separated by dots, e.g.165.113.245.2 Every machine that is on the Internet has a unique IP number - if a machine does not have an IP number, it is not really on the Internet. Most machines also have one or more Domain Names that are easier for people to remember.
The IP address refers to the actual number that a web address name translates to therefore the IP number is the real address.

J

JavaScript:
JS is a Scripting language, not at all related to Java, used by web pages to program enhanced functionality and interactivity.

K

Keyword
Keywords are words or a group of words that a person may search for in a Search Engine. Keywords also refer to the terms you bid on through search engine marketing in trying to attract visitors to your Web site or Landing Page.
Part of successful Search Engine Optimization is including keywords in your Web site copy and Meta Tags. It refers to the main topics or subjects of your web pages in relation to how people would phrase them when searching for your products or services on the internet. For example, your topic may be "Web Development and multimedia advertisement" but the average person searching for your exact information may simply search for "web designer or graphic designer". Your key phrases are at the core of any website marketing strategy and needs to relate to your target market's thinking rather than your own.

L

Link
The internet is made up of millions of resources and computers that all link to each other. One type of link (verb) is a link (noun). This is a small snippet of code that creates an area on a web page that can be clicked on. Once clicked on, the person will be taken to the resource that the piece of code linked to. This is how users on the internet can move from one web page or website to another and download documents, programmes or files. To link to something means to host this piece of code that will take the person to the resource that you are linking to. To have a link from a website means that someone else is hosting this piece of code that will bring people to your website or resource.
Link Popularity
How many Web sites link to yours, how popular those linking sites are, and how much their content relates to yours. Link popularity is an important part of Search Engine Optimization, which also values the sites that you link out to.
Logo
A combination of characters and/or graphics creating a single design used to identify a company.

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M

Meta-Tags
Keywords that are inserted in the meta-tag portion of the HTML source document by the author of the Web page. Meta-tags help a Web page that doesn’t have much text come up in a keyword search. Unlike normal HTML tags, meta tags do not affect how the page is displayed. Meta tags are included in the head section of an html web page and is visible to search engines but not human visitors. Meta tags provide information about a webpage, like the topic (title), keywords, description and also instructions to search engine robots and visitor browsers.
MySQL
MySQL is a multithreaded, multi-user, SQL Database Management System (DBMS) with an estimated six million installations. MySQL AB makes MySQL available as free software under the GNU General Public License (GPL), but they also dual-license it under traditional proprietary licensing arrangements for cases where the intended use is incompatible with the GPL.

N

Navigation
The "process by which a user explores all the levels of interactivity, moving forward, backward, and through the content and interface screens. Users navigate through the project by clicking on interactive controls such as buttons, imagemaps, and hypertext, while clues such as special colors, backgrounds, or interface sounds help orient them to where they are at within the levels of interactivity. Tools, bars and buttons which allow you to move around, on and between Web pages. Navigation elements must always be available and obvious. Well-designed navigation will lead the prospect in the intended direction.

O

Operating System
The type of software that you use to run a computer is the operating system. Such as Windows, MAC OS, Linux.

P

PHP
PHP is a general-purpose server-side scripting language originally designed for web development to produce dynamic web pages. PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely-used open source general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.
POP3 (Post Office Protocol, version 3)
A POP3 server acts as your email Post Office. You use an email client, like Eudora or those built-in to Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer, to retrieve your mail to your local drive using the POP3 protocol.
Pop up window
A new browser window that displays when the visitor clicks on a hotlinked graphic or hyperlinked text. Pop up windows are often smaller than the existing browser window and display on top of the existing page the visitor is viewing. Because pop up windows are a popular advertising technique, some users install a program that turns this feature off in their browser. These programs are often referred to as "pop-up window killers".

R

Ranking
Ranking is a term related to search engines. When someone searches for something using a search engine, the will receive pages and pages of results. Where a specific site appears in those results is its ranking. There is a second meaning as well, more commonly used with regard to marketing and SEO and related specifically to Google. Each page of a website is given a ranking by Google, from 1-10. This ranking is the value that Google places on that particular page in relation to its subject matter and how relevant it is. The more relevant a page is believed to be the higher its ranking.

RSS
Real Simple Syndication (RSS) – An increasingly popular new technology that allows information to be easily shared on Web sites or given directly to users per their request.
RSS feeds create new online advertising opportunities, although marketers are still debating how best to use them.
Reciprocal Link
It is a link exchange between two sites. Both sites will display a link to the other site somewhere on their pages. This type of link is generally much less desirable than a one-way inbound link.
Robots.txt
Robots.txt file used to keep Web pages from being indexed or to tell which pages you want a search engine to index.

S

Search Engine
In the context of the World Wide Web a program that seeks out, visits, and indexes URLs on the WWW. The index is searched for key words or phrases entered by a user. This results in a collection of hyperlinks returned to the user where the hyperlinks are references to sources whose description, title, or content match the words or phrase.
Search Terms
A search term is a word or group of words that a person types into a Search Engine to find what they are looking for. Based upon what a company sells, a Web site should incorporate the most popular or most popular specific search terms into the copy as Keywords. Figuring out the appropriate search terms to put into a Web site and to advertise on is a huge part of a Search Engine Marketer's job.
Sitemap
Sitemap is an index to all the content on a website. It is normally accessible from at least the front page of the site and is used for two purposes: to help people find what they are looking for on the site and to help search engines find all your links.
SSL
SSL (secure socket layer) a protocol for encryption of information transmitted over the internet.
SSL Certificate
SSL Certificate is used to offer secure online credit card payments. Web sites such as banks always have https:// rather than the normal http:// the s refers to a secure connection.
(Secure Sockets Layer) A protocol designed by Netscape Communications to enable encrypted, authenticated communications across the Internet. SSL used mostly (but not exclusively) in communications between web browsers and web servers. URL's that begin with 'https' indicate that an SSL connection will be used. SSL provides 3 important things: Privacy, Authentication, and Message Integrity. In an SSL connection each side of the connection must have a Security Certificate, which each side's software sends to the other. Each side then encrypts what it sends using information from both its own and the other side's Certificate, ensuring that only the intended recipient can decrypt it, and that the other side can be sure the data came from the place it claims to have come from, and that the message has not been tampered with.
SQL
SQL (Structured Query Language) A specialized programming language for sending queries to databases. Most industrial-strength and many smaller database applications can be addressed using SQL. Each specific application will have its own version of SQL implementing features unique to that application, but all SQL-capable databases support a common subset of SQL.

U

Upload
For a website to be visible to the world, it has to be put on the server that is hosting it. This process is called uploading because you are literally loading your information, pages, pictures, etc. up onto the server.
URL
URL is short for Uniform Resource Locator. These are the letters and symbols that make up the address of specific Web pages. This page's URL is http://www.designbynur.com/eng/webglossary.htm.
Usability
How easy it is for a user to navigate a Web site and find the information he or she is seeking.

W

Web Browser
The program you use to access the internet. Common browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE), Apple's Safari, Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.
Web Page

An HTML document that is accessible on the Web.
Web page source The text file that contains the HTML tags for a Web page. A browser reads the source for a Web page from this file and then using the HTML tags displays the Web page.
Webmail
Email that you can check from any computer anywhere in the world using software on a server.
Web Spider
A computer program that searches the Internet for web pages. Common web spiders are the one used by search engines like Google and AltaVista to index the web. Web spiders are also called web robots or wanderers.
Web Site
A collection of related web pages belonging to a company or an individual.
Web Hosting
The action of providing web host services. Everything on the web is sitting on a server. Internet service providers offer space to "house" your website. Plans (prices, duration's, space, etc.) vary depending on the company you choose. Web hosting is a service that provides Internet users with online systems for storing information, images, video, or any content accessible via the web.
Whois
Most registries maintain a database of domain names and their associated contact information. Users can query these databases through a program called Whois.
WordPress
WordPress is an open source blogging tool and publishing platform powered by PHP and MySQL. A semantic personal publishing platform with a focus on aesthetics, web standards, and usability.
WWW
World Wide Web. Another name for the internet.

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